In 1995, the Legislature passed the Texas Real Private Proper- ty Rights Preservation Act (RPPRPA), providing compensation to property owners for loss of value due to new regulations on land use. Authors sought a method of protection and a deterrent against local government regulations that would damage the value of someone’s property. Unfortunately, the act exempts municipalities. Since cities, due to re-zoning activities, are the largest condemnors, this exemption practically renders the act ineffective.