While many positive steps have recently been made protect Texans' property rights, there are still challenges that need to be addressed.
The 82nd Texas Legislature's SB 18 was the latest attempt by the Texas Legislature to protect private property rights. Most of the provisions of SB 18 were well-founded and will move eminent domain law in the right direction. However, SB 18's "buy-back" provision-while well intentioned-did not advance the cause.
One of the problems in eminent domain law has been that once a property has been condemned, it can be used for just about any purpose-the condemnor is not required to use it for the purpose it was taken. This would seem to be contrary to the U.S. and Texas constitution's requirement that property be taken only for a public use. The buy-back provision in SB 18 was supposed to fix this, but instead it will be completely ineffective.
Under SB 18, a condemnor is required to meet two of seven criteria within ten years of the taking that are supposed to demonstrate that the entity has made "actual progress … toward the public use" for which the property was taken. However, the seven criteria that a condemnor must meet to keep the land are so easily achieved that any government entity will be able to keep all the land it takes without ever using one parcel for the use specified in the condemnation proceedings.
For instance, if a city simply acquires two tracts of land then applies for state or federal funds to develop the tracts for the purported public use, the city will have met the criteria. It makes no difference whether or not the city ever gets the funds or the permit. Or another government entity could just meet one criteria such as applying for a federal permit then avoid the second criteria altogether by adopting a resolution stating that it "will not complete more than one action … within 10 years of acquisition of the property."
To address this situation, the Legislature should grant property owners the right to repurchase their property if the initial use of the property taken from them is not the public use for which the property was acquired.