Performance-based probation funding has been shown to encourage localities to adopt new supervision programs to divert suitable individuals from incarceration and to incentivize jurisdictions to reduce revocations to prison.

Key points:

  • Increased growth in prison and jail populations has received much of the public’s attention, but most offenders are on community supervision, which has rapidly grown, as well.
  • Probation funding formulas which incentivize supervision of probationers for longer than may be necessary are partially responsible for community supervision population growth.
  • Performance-based funding has been shown in many jurisdictions to reduce caseloads, reduce the number of people revoked from supervision and into prison, and to effectively restrain costs.