The state of Texas has become the epicenter of illegal immigration from Central America, and continues to be a prime destination for migrants from Mexico, South America, and other countries around the globe. These cross-border flows of people shift in number and location based on multiple factors, including economic and security conditions in both the U.S. and source countries, real and perceived U.S. immigration policy decisions and changes, and U.S. law enforcement efforts across all parts of the southwest border. These shifting flows have varying impacts on different parts and sectors of Texas, and have prompted concerns from individuals who feel the state’s economy and security are being negatively impacted by illegal immigration. This analysis indicates that some areas and sectors in Texas are being negatively impacted more than others, and some not at all.