This commentary originally appeared in The Hill on December 9, 2015.

World leaders are gathering in Paris to figure out how to exchange the current method of producing low cost, reliable, plentiful electricity with a system that is more expensive, intermittent and based on wind and sunshine.  Nations will make pledges to reduce CO2 emissions.  As part of the agreement, the president will pledge that the United States will cut its greenhouse gas emissions by as much as 28 percent over the next decade and by 80 percent or more by 2050. 

What will this mean for the average consumer?  It is like owning two cars, one that is available on-demand at any time of day.  And another car that only works when the sun is shining or the wind is blowing.  Few people want that second car.  We have come to expect that electricity will flow when we flip a switch or plug in our iPhones.

To continue reading Secret science and open society, click here.