Local governments are held accountable for violations of civil law only when a group of injured Texans happen to have sufficient time, money, energy, and interest to challenge the violation in court.

Texas’ local governments violate the law if they adopt a charter amendment or ordinance that is “inconsistent with the Constitution of the [Nation, or the] State, or of the general laws enacted by the Legislature,” or if they transgress another established charter provision or ordinance. Currently however, enforcement of civil law against municipal overreach is almost exclusively handled by private parties. There is no general grant of statutory standing or authority that provides for public enforcement when local governments violate civil laws.